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BIA Approves Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s Business, Residential, Wind and Solar Leasing Regulations Under the HEARTH Act

April 19, 2021

WASHINGTON – The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) announced today that it has approved leasing regulations submitted by the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, a federally recognized tribe whose reservation is in North and South Dakota, under the Helping Expedite and Advance Responsible Tribal Home Ownership (HEARTH) Act of 2012.


The Tribe is now authorized to enter into business, residential, and wind and solar leases on its trust lands without further approval by the Bureau.  It is pursuing clean energy projects to benefit its community members and generate revenue for economic development and other purposes.


“Today’s announcement will give Standing Rock Sioux Tribal leaders greater control over their land and the ways in which it can continue to sustain their people,” said BIA Director Darryl LaCounte.  “The HEARTH Act’s mandate of respecting tribal government management of tribal lands through the leasing process supports tribal self-determination and sovereignty.  We continue to encourage those tribes that are looking at the HEARTH Act for their benefit to submit applications.”


The HEARTH Act made a voluntary alternative land-leasing process available to federally recognized tribes by amending the Indian Long-Term Leasing Act of 1955 (25 U.S.C. 415).  It established the authority of those tribes to develop and implement their own laws governing the long-term leasing of Indian trust lands for residential, business, agricultural, renewable (solar and wind) energy, and other purposes.  Once a tribe’s HEARTH application is approved, it is authorized to negotiate and enter into leases without further approvals by the Secretary of the Interior through the BIA.


Tribes may submit HEARTH applications to the BIA for agricultural and business leases of tribal trust lands for a primary term of 25 years and up to two renewal terms of 25 years each.  Leases of tribal trust lands for residential, recreational, religious or educational purposes may be executed for a primary term of up to 75 years.


Interested tribes may submit their regulations by mail to:

U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs

Office of Trust Services, Deputy Bureau Director–Trust Services

Attention: Division of Real Estate Services

1849 C Street, N.W., MS-4620-MIB

Washington, D.C. 20240


The Bureau of Indian Affairs directly administers and funds tribally operated infrastructure, law enforcement and justice, social services (including child welfare), tribal governance, and trust land and natural and energy resources management programs for the nation’s federally recognized American Indian and Alaska Native tribes through four offices: Indian Services, Justice Services, Trust Services, and Field Operations.  The Office of Trust Services’ Division of Real Estate Services (DRES) administers the HEARTH Act review process for tribal leasing regulations applications.

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